Adi Shankara Vakya Sudha verses
The Three Selves
- The individual self appears in three
degrees: as a limitation of the Self; as a ray of the conscious
Self; and, thirdly, as the self imagined in dreams. The first alone
- For the limitation in the individual self
is a mere imagination; and that which is supposed to be limited is
the Reality. The idea of isolation in the individual self is only an
error; but its identity with the Eternal is its real nature.
- And that song they sang of "That thou art"
is for the first of these three selves alone; it only is one with
the perfect Eternal, not the other selves.
- The power of world-glamor, existing in the
Eternal, has two potencies: extension and limitation. Through the
power of limitation, Glamor hides the undivided nature of the
Eternal, and so builds up the images of the individual self and the
- The individual self which comes into being
when the ray of consciousness enters the thinking mind, is the self
that gains experience and performs works. The whole world, with all
its elements and beings, is the object of its experience.
- These two, the individual self and its
world, were before time began; they last till Freedom comes, making
up our habitual life. Hence they are called the habitual self and
- In this ray of consciousness, the
dream-power exists, with its two potencies of extension and
limitation. Through the power of limitation, it hides the former
self and world, and so builds up a new self and a new world.
- As this new self and world are real only
so long as their appearance lasts, they are called the imaginary
self and the imaginary world. For, when one has awakened from the
dream, the dream existence never comes back again.
- The imaginary self believes its imaginary
world to be real; but the habitual self knows that world to be only
mythical, as also is the imaginary self.
- The habitual self looks on its habitual
world as real; but the real Self knows that the habitual world is
only mythical, as also is the habitual self.
- The real Self knows its real oneness with
the Eternal; it sees nothing but the Eternal, yet sees that what
seemed the unreal is also the Self.
and Final Peace
- As the sweetness, the flowing, and the
coldness, that are the characteristics of the water, reappear in the
wave, and so in the foam that crests the wave;
- So, verily, the Being, Consciousness, and
Bliss of the witnessing Self enter into the habitual self that is
bound up with it; and, by the door of the habitual self, enter into
the imaginary self also.
- But when the foam melts away, its flowing,
sweetness, coldness, all sink back into the wave; and when the wave
itself comes to rest, they sink back to the sea.
- When the imaginary self melts away, its
Being, Consciousness, Bliss sink back into the habitual self; and,
when the habitual self comes to rest, they return to the Self
supreme, the witness of all.
More Vakya Verses -
Seer and Seen,
Power of Glamor,
6 Steps of Soul Vision
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