Adi Shankara Atma Bodha verses
- Attachment, desire, pleasure, pain, etc.,
are perceived to exist so long as Buddhi or mind functions. They are
not perceived in deep sleep when the mind ceases to exist. Therefore
they belong to the mind alone and not to the Atman.
- Just as luminosity is the nature of the
Sun, coolness of water and heat of fire, so too the nature of the
Atman is Eternity, Purity, Reality, Consciousness and Bliss.
- By the indiscriminate blending of the two
– the Existence-Knowledge-aspect of the Self and the thought-wave of
the intellect – there arises the notion of “I know”.
- Atman never does anything and the
intellect of its own accord has no capacity to experience ‘I know’.
But the individuality in us delusorily thinks he is himself the seer
and the knower.
- Just as the person who regards a rope as a
snake is overcome by fear, so also one considering oneself as the
ego (Jiva) is overcome by fear. The ego-centric individuality in us
regains fearlessness by realising that It is not a Jiva but is
Itself the Supreme Soul.
- Just as a lamp illumines a jar or a pot,
so also the Atman illumines the mind and the sense organs, etc.
These material-objects by themselves cannot illumine themselves
because they are inert.
- A lighted-lamp does not need another lamp
to illumine its light. So too, Atman which is Knowledge itself needs
no other knowledge to know it.
- By a process of negation of the
conditionings (Upadhis) through the help of the scriptural statement
‘It is not this, It is not this’, the oneness of the individual soul
and the Supreme Soul, as indicated by the great Mahavakyas, has to
- The body, etc., up to the “Causal Body” –
Ignorance – which are objects perceived, are as perishable as
bubbles. Realise through discrimination that I am the ‘Pure Brahman’
ever completely separate from all these.
- I am other than the body and so I am free
from changes such as birth, wrinkling, senility, death, etc. I have
nothing to do with the sense objects such as sound and taste, for I
am without the sense-organs.
- I am other than the mind and hence, I am
free from sorrow, attachment, malice and fear, for “HE is without
breath and without mind, Pure, etc.”, is the Commandment of the
great scripture, the Upanishads.
Atma Bodha Verses
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